Category Must Know
Cyber security is the practice of defending computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks.  The term applies in a variety of contexts, from business to mobile computing, and can be divided into a few common categories.

  • Application security focuses on keeping software and devices free of threats.
  • Operational security includes the processes and decisions for handling and protecting data assets.
  • Disaster recovery and business continuity define how an organization responds to a cyber-security incident or any other event that causes the loss of operations or data.

Maintaining CS in a constantly evolving threat landscape

1. To keep up with changing security risks a more proactive and adaptive
approach is necessary. Several key CS advisory organizations offer guidance.

2. continuous monitoring and real-time assessments as part of a risk assessment framework to defend
against known and unknown threats

Benefits of cyber security

The benefits of implementing and maintaining  practices include:

• Business protection against cyber-attacks and data breaches, Protection for data and networks, Prevention for unauthorized user access.

Disaster recovery/business continuity planning, Operational security, Cloud security, Critical infrastructure security, Physical security, End-user education.

The top cyber security challenges

Cyber security is continually challenged by hackers\’ data loss privacy risk management and changing strategies. The number of cyberattacks is not expected of the internet of things. Increase the need to secure networks and devices.

One of the most problematic elements of the evolving nature of security
risk is as new technologies emerge.

Technology is used in new or different ways, new attack avenues are Developed. Keeping up with these frequent changes in advance in attacks.

Issues include

Regular security awareness training will help employees do their part in keeping their company safe from cyber threats.

Estimated to workplace between needed jobs and security professionals at 3.1 million.

Automation has become an integer component to keep companies protected from the
growing number and sophistication of cyber threats using artificial intelligence.

AI and machine learning in areas with high-volume data streams can help improve in three main
categories :

• Threat detection: AI platforms can analyze data and recognize noise traits,
Tasks.AI can help element alert fatigue by Automatically low-risk alarms and
automatically doing big data analyses and other repetitive tasks.

• Chief information security officer is the individual who implements the
security program across the organization and oversees the IT security department\’s

• The chief security officer is the executive responsible for the physical and/or
cybersecurity of a company.

• Security engineers protect company assets from threats with a focus on
quality control within the IT infrastructure.

• Security architects are responsible for planning, analyzing, designing,
testing, maintaining, and supporting an enterprise\’s critical infrastructure.

The scale of the cyber threat

The global cyber threat continues to evolve at a rapid pace, with a rising number of data breaches each year.

A report by RiskBased Security revealed that a shocking 7.9 billion records have been exposed by data breaches in the first nine months of 2019 alone.

Medical services, retailers, and public entities experienced the most breaches, with malicious criminals responsible for most incidents.

With the scale of the cyber threat set to continue to rise, the International Data Corporation predicts that worldwide spending on cyber-security solutions will reach a massive $133.7 billion by 2022.

Governments across the globe have responded to the rising cyber threat with guidance to help organizations implement effective cyber-security practices.

Types of cyber threats

The threats countered by cyber-security are three-fold:

  1. Cybercrime includes single actors or groups targeting systems for financial gain or to cause disruption.
  2. Cyber-attacks often: involve politically motivated information gathering.
  3. Cyber terrorism is: intended to undermine electronic systems to cause panic or fear.

There are several different types of malware, including:

  • Virus: A self-replicating program that attaches itself to clean files and spreads throughout a computer system, infecting files with malicious code.

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